Also called keyhole surgery. Only small incisions are required. As a result it is a minimally invasive procedure. An instrument called a laparoscope is used to examine the abdominal organs which is a thin long tube with a high intensity light and high resolution camera.
One incision is used to deliver carbon dioxide into the abdomen. This is done using a small tube called a cannula. Inflate the abdomen with carbon dioxide gas allows the surgeons to view the organs in the abdomen much easier.
Another incision is used for the insertion of a laparoscope that consists of a light within a thin tube and camera which displays the abdomen on a monitor to guide the surgeon in removing and/or repairing tissue.
Laparoscopic surgery is advantageous over traditional surgery as it results in smaller scarring at the incision sites, possibly less internal scarring, and a faster post surgery recovery period.